Understanding Sensory Processing (No Points)
Sensory Processing is at its core, information processing. We use our senses to make informed decisions about our surroundings and how we should react to them. If one of our senses overreacts, or underreacts, it will greatly affect how we behave in our environments.
Sensory Processing is one of our MOST fundamental aspects. So, we need to look after it well, and understand what it is, and what to do if one (or more) of our senses are not entirely functioning in a “normal” way.
This course is mainly aimed at teachers and parents, as topics include what the symptoms are at home and in the classroom when a sense is over- or under reactive, and what to do in these situations. This course does have international accreditation and you will receive 50CPD points for completing it, therefor it is open for all professions as well.
Come and learn how Sensory Processing affects various aspects of ourselves, from balance to eating to potty training to interest in our environment (AD(H)D and ADD). Also learn about the similarities between Sensory Processing and Autism, and Sensory Processing and AD(H)D.
In this module you will learn a brief history of Sensory Processing Disorder. Find out who diagnosed it first, what is was described as, and how to this day, we still use the same therapies.
1. History of SPD
1.1 Sensory Integration
1.2 Hidden Disabilities
1.3 Mental Traffic Jam
1.4 Sensory Integration and Learning Disorders, 1972
1.5 Sensory Integration and the Child, 1979
1.6 Name Change
1.7 The Out of Sync Child
This module explains why you cannot obtain a standalone diagnosis for Sensory Processing Disorder. Find out what the DSM-5 is, what an ICD 10 is, and how to help your child when a diagnosis of Sensory Processing Disorder is suspected.
This module explains what Sensory Processing Disorder and the Central Nervous System have to do with each other. Learn about the different types of responses, the difference between sensory avoiding and sensory seeking behaviour. Find out why it is so incredibly important for early intervention.
This module explains the symptoms associated with Sensory Processing Disorder.
4. Common SPD Symptoms
4.1 SPD symptoms in adults
4.2 Common Symptoms of SPD in small children
4.2.1 Common symptoms in sensory avoidant children
4.2.2 Common Symptoms in Sensory Seeking Children
4.3 SPD from Birth?
4.5 Early Signs
4.6 Piecing Things Together
This module explains how Sensory Processing Disorder may be misdiagnosed for Autism Spectrum Disorder or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
5. Co-Morbidities and why it is frequently misdiagnosed
5.1 SPD vs Autism Spectrum Disorder
5.2 SPD vs Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
5.3 What can put a child at higher risk of developing SPD?
This module explains how Sensory Processing Disorder may be influenced by our primitive responses, as well as our primitive reflexes.
6. SPD and reflexes
6.1 Sensory Processing and Fight, Flight or Freeze
6.2 Primitive Reflexes and Sensory Processing
6.2.1 The Rooting Reflex
6.2.2 The Moro Reflex
6.2.3 The Palmar Reflex
6.2.4 The Asymmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex
6.2.5 The Symmetrical tonic neck reflex
6.2.6 The Tonic Labyrinthine Reflex
This module goes into detail of our 5 most well-known senses, what symptoms could be in the classroom something is awry, as well as accommodations that could be made for students.
7 Our Eight Senses
7.1.1 Symptoms of tactile sensitivity (hyper, hypo, and under-responses)
7.1.2 What you can do at home for someone who has a tactile processing difficulty
7.1.3 What does it look like in the classroom?
7.1.4 Tactile accommodations for student
7.2.1 Symptoms of visual sensitivity (hyper, hypo, and under-responses)
7.2.2 What you can do at home for someone with visual processing difficulty
7.2.3 What does it look like in the classroom?
7.2.4 Visual accommodations for students
7.3.1 Symptoms of auditory sensitivity (hyper, hypo and under-responses)
7.3.2. What you can do at home for someone who has auditory difficulty
7.3.3 What does it look like in a classroom?
7.3.4 Auditory accommodations for students
7.4.1 Symptoms of gustatory sensitivity (hypo, hyper and under-response)
7.4.2 What you can do at home for someone with gustatory difficulty
7.4.3 What does it look like in the classroom?
7.4.4 Gustatory accommodations for students
7.5.1 Symptoms of olfactory sensitivity (hypo, hyper and under-response)
7.5.2 What you can do at home for someone with olfactory difficulty
7.5.3 What does it look like in the classroom?
7.5.4 Olfactory accommodations for students
7.5.5 A Note on Essential Oils
Find out more about the three senses that are less well-known and how incredibly important they are to our most basic functions.
8.1.1 Symptoms of proprioceptive sensitivity (hypo, hyper and under-response)
8.1.2 What you can do at home for someone with proprioceptive difficulty
8.1.3 What does it look like in a classroom?
8.1.4 Proprioception accommodations for student
8.2.1 Symptoms of vestibular sensitivity (hypo, hyper and under-response)
8.2.2 What you can do at home for someone with vestibular difficulty
8.2.3 What does it look like in the classroom?
8.2.4 Vestibular accommodations for students
8.3.1 Symptoms of interoception sensitivity (hypo, hyper and under-responses)
8.3.2 What you can do at home for someone with interoception difficulty
8.3.3 What does it look like in the classroom?
8.3.4 Interoception accommodations for students
Since behaviour is the first consequence of Sensory Processing Disorder that we see, it is important to know the difference between neurotypical behaviour, and behaviour that stems from Sensory Processing Disorder.
9 SPD and Behaviour
9.1 Behaviour as Communication
9.2 SPD Can Look Like Bad Behaviour
9.3 Types of behaviour
9.3.1 Social Attention
9.3.2 Tangibles or Activities
9.3.3 Escape or Avoidance
9.3.4 Sensory Stimulation
9.4 Development and Behaviour
9.5 Brain Development and Sensory Processing
9.6 Behaviour and Sensory Processing
Meltdowns are part of Sensory Processing Disorder so it is important to know and understand why they happen, and what could be done to help someone who has them.
10.1.1 Anxiety and Meltdowns
10.2 What does a sensory meltdown look like?
10.3 What Triggers a Meltdown?
10.4 Characteristics of a Meltdown
10.4.1 Absence of Self-Control and Self-Awareness
10.5 The Frightening Intensity of Meltdowns
10.6 How to respond to a sensory meltdown
10.7 Meltdown Calming Strategies
10.8 Meltdown Prevention
10.9 Impact of Meltdowns on the Rest of the Family
Sensory Processing Disorder affects parents in different ways, and in different levels. Understand the problems that children and parents face when a child develops food issues when they have Sensory Processing Disorder.
11. Parents and SPD
11.1 Parenting differently
11.2 Get to know your child
11.3 Social Stigma
11.4 SPD and Food
11.4.1 Food Issues – Sensory Avoiders
11.4.2 Food Issues – Sensory Seekers
11.4.3 SPD Food Issues are Complex
11.4.4 How SPD Food Issues Make Parents Feel
11.4.5 Seeking Medical Help
Occupational Therapy play an integral role in the identification as well as the treatment of Sensory Processing Disorder. Learn how people in this profession can help a child with this diagnosis.
12. Occupational Therapy
12.1 What is Occupational Therapy?
12.2 How Does an Occupational Therapist Work?
12.3 Enabling and Abilities
12.4 Patricia Wilbarger
12.4.1 The Wilbarger Protocol
12.5 What is a sensory diet?
12.5.1 Working Together with Families
12.5.2 Examples of Sensory Diet Activities
12.6 What is Sensory Integration Therapy?
12.7 Holistic Approach
12.8 OT Role in Specialist Equipment Recommendations
12.9 Choosing an Occupational Therapist
There are common issues regarding Sensory Processing Disorder that can make life a bit harder. Learn what they are and how to help someone that finds these situations stressful.
13. Common Issues
13.1 Toilet training
13.4.1 Suggestions for Hair Brushing
13.4.2 Suggestions for Bathing
13.4.3 Suggestions for Tooth Brushing
13.5 Public Bathrooms
13.5.1 Avoid Them When Possible
13.5.2 Covering the Automatic Flush Sensor
13.5.3 Familiarity Helps
13.5.4 Give Them Advanced Warning
13.5.5 Come Prepared
13.5.6 Acknowledge the Challenges and Give Praise
13.6 Sleep solutions
Sensory Processing Disorder can affect home-life, and the home may in turn affect someone with Sensory Processing Disorder. Learn how to make home a more peaceful place for someone with a diagnosis of Sensory Processing Disorder.
14. SPD and the home
14.1 How to “sensory proof” your home
14.1.3 Other Areas of the Home
14.1.4 Setting up a sensory room or dedicated sensory space
14.1.5 Sensory Stations
14.2. Visual supports
14.2.1 Visual Schedules
14.2.2 Activity and Task Cards
14.2.3 Now/Next/Later Schedules
There are many tools at the disposal of parents or caretakers that help someone with the diagnosis of Sensory Processing at home. Learn about all these methods, as well as practical information on what to do.
15. Sensory tools for the home
15.1 Weighted Blankets
15.2 Weighted Vests, Shoulder Wraps, Lap Pads, Stuffed Animals
15.3 Pressure Vests
15.6 Noise Reducing Headphones
15.7 Sound Therapy Machine
15.8 Palm Massager
15.9 Essential Oils
15.10 Tools for Sitting
15.12 Crash Pad
15.14 Vibrating cushions
15.15 Sensory Activities
15.15.1 Alerting activities
15.15.2 Calming Activities
15.15.3 Heavy Work Activities
15.15.4 Crossing Midline Activities
15.16 Sensory Bins
15.17 Sensory Bags
15.18 Sensory Balls
15.19 Play Dough
15.21 Other Suggestions
15.23 In summary
Sensory Processing Disorder can be at its most visible during school hours. Learn how you can help your child with a diagnosis of Sensory Processing Disorder, as well as how you as a teacher can help the child in your class with this diagnosis.
16.1.1 How parents can help at school
16.1.2 Advocating for your Child
16.1.3 Advocating for your child’s education
16.1.4 IEP Meetings
16.1.5 Ideas for advocacy at school
16.2 Teachers and SPD
16.2.1 Happy Children Learn Better
16.2.2 What to look for
16.2.3 Working with a Special Education Team
16.2.4 Working with an Occupational Therapist
16.2.5 Individualised Education Plan (IEP)
16.2.6 Working with parents
16.2.7 Avoiding Sensory Overload in the classroom
16.2.8 Creating a Sensory Friendly classroom
16.2.9 Auditory accommodations and supports
16.2.10 Visual accommodations and supports
16.2.11 Flexible seating
16.2.12 Accommodations for writing
16.2.13 Sensory breaks
16.2.14 Sensory Stations
18.104.22.168 Sensory Station Ideas
16.2.15 Creating a sensory space in the classroom
16.2.16 Emotional Regulation
16.2.17 Regulation Station
16.2.18 Noticing, Acknowledging and Communicating About Emotions
16.2.19 Sensory Activities in the classroom
22.214.171.124 Heavy work activities
126.96.36.199 Alerting activities
188.8.131.52 Calming activities
184.108.40.206 Organizing activities
220.127.116.11 Crossing midline activities
16.2.20 Sensory Bins, Bags, and Bottles
16.2.21 Play dough and Slime
16.2.22 In summary
16.2.23 Looking after yourself as parent or caregiver
Multi-Sensory Teaching and Techniques can be the first step into implementing Sensory Integration Therapy. Learn more about it to gain a better understanding.
17. Multi-Sensory Teaching and Techniques
17.1 Learning Style
17.2. To stimulate visual reasoning and learning
17.3 Auditory techniques
17.4 Tactile teaching methods
17.5. Kinaesthetic methods
17.6 Extra methods
17.6.1 Sand or shaving cream writing
17.6.2 Air writing
17.6.3 Sandpaper letters
17.6.4 Word building
17.6.5 Read it, build it, write it
17.6.6 Tapping out sounds
17.6.7 Story sticks
17.6.8 Shared reading